Breathing smoke from wildfires isn’t healthy for anyone, but some people are more likely to have health problems when the air quality isn’t good. People at risk for problems include children younger than 18 and adults older than 65, people with heart and lung diseases, people with respiratory illnesses and colds, people who have had a stroke, pregnant women and people who smoke.
The best way to protect your health when the air is smoky is to limit time outdoors and reduce physical activity. This is especially important for people who are at risk for health problems when air quality isn’t good.
Here are some steps to take now, before air quality worsens from wildfire smoke:
Know where to find information about local air quality. The Washington State Department of Ecology’s Air Quality Monitoring website has a map of air quality statewide. The map uses color-coded categories to report when air quality is good, moderate or unhealthy. You can also get up-to-date air quality information from the Northwest Clean Air Agency.
If you or a family member has a heart or lung disease, like asthma or COPD, talk to your doctor about precautions to take when air quality is unhealthy. Make sure you have the necessary medications, and ask your doctor how to manage symptoms and when to seek medical care.
Take steps to keep indoor air clean:
Create a plan for alternatives to outdoor family activities. If the air quality is unhealthy, you may need to exercise indoors, find alternatives to outdoor summer camps, or change vacation arrangements.
Develop a relocation plan in case you need to leave the area when air quality is hazardous.
Only use a mask after first trying other, more effective ways to avoid smoke, like staying indoors or limiting time outdoors. Respiratory masks labeled N-95 or N-100 that are properly fitted can offer limited protection from wildfire smoke, but they don’t work for everyone. Masks do not work for children, people with beards, or people with certain health conditions, such as asthma or heart disease.
Find more information, including resources in Punjabi, Spanish, Russian, and Ukrainian at www.doh.wa.gov/CommunityandEnvironment/AirQuality/SmokeFromFires or www.doh.wa.gov/CommunityandEnvironment/AirQuality/SmokeFromFires/SmokefromFiresToolkits